英语日记格式

时间:2014-03-17 编辑:1036 手机版

  写日记是人类最基本的文字记录活动,不仅中国人有写日记的习惯,外国人同样也有。学生们可能会问,外国人写日记的格式和方法与我们有什么不同呢?下面小编就为大家解疑答惑:

  日记的正文是日记的主要部分,写在星期和日期的正下方,可以顶格写,也可以内缩3至5个字母的空间。由于记载的内容通常已经发生,谓语动词多用一般过去时。但也可根据具体情况,用其它时态。如:记叙天气、描写景色,为了描写生动,可以使用现在时,以表现当时的情景。再如文后发表感想或评论可用现在时态或将来时态。记日记力求简单明了,有连贯性。若有文字提示,则应重视提示,把握要点。在句式上尽量使用简单句,以防繁杂,造成语法、句型错误。

  英文日记通常由书端和正文两个部分组成。日记常以第一人称记下当天生活中的所见、所闻、所做或所想的事情。中、英文的日记三格式大致一样。英语日记的书端是专门写日记的日期、星期和天气的。左上角是日期(年、月、日)、星期。右上角写上当天的天气情况,如:Sunny, Fine, Rainy, Windy, Snowy, Cloudy等。

  1.日期表达有多种形式。年、月、日都写时,通常以月、日、年为顺序,月份可以缩写,日和年用逗号隔开。例如: December 18, 2003 或者 Dec. 18, 2003

  A) September 1, 2004或September 1st, 2004也可省略写成Sept. 1, 2004或Sept. 1st, 2004;B)the 1st of September in 2004(月份不可以缩写)

  B)只有月、日

  September 1或September 1st(月份可以缩写)

  C)只有年、月

  September 2004或the September of 2004(月份不可以缩写)

  以上的1或1st都应读作the first。

  2.星期也可以省略不写,可将其放在日期前或后,星期和日期之间不用标点,但要空一格,星期也可缩写。如:

  Saturday, October 22nd, 2004;October 22nd, 2004 Saturday

  3.天气情况必不可少。天气一般用一个形容词如 :Sunny, Fine, Rainy, Snowy 等表示。写在日期之后,用逗号隔开,位于日记的右上角。如:

  Saturday, March 4, 2004, Windy;1st January, 2004, Fine

  4. 注意日期、星期和天气的书写位置。

  日期和星期要写在正文的左上角,其顺序多是“星期 + 月、日、年”,也有把星期放在后面的,如“ 2003 年 11 月 22 日,星期一”可写为“ Monday November 22, 2003 或 November 22, 2003 Monday ”。

  日记的第一行,要写明年、月、日与星期,然后要写明当天的气候状况,如果是游记,还要写明地点。

  这一部分中天气状况比较难写。下面是一些常用的描写天气的英语词语:

  晴 clear 阴 overcast 多云 cloudy 小雨 light rain

  大雨 heavy rain 毛毛雨 drizzle 阵雨 shower

  东风 east wind 南风 south wind 西风 west wind

  北风 north wind 西南风 southwester 东南风 southeaster

  东北风 northeaster 西北风 northwester

  气温 temperature

  炎热 scorching heat 寒冷 icy cold 下雪 snow

  例文;

  下面是一篇关于寒假的日记。

  January 18, 2011 Friday Sunny

  I am free now as I am spending my winter holiday.

  Although we have some homework, we can finish them in several days. And the rest time we can make good use of. My god! We have been very tired after hard studying. In winter holidays, I want to have full sleep and eat good food in order to replenish myself. Last but not the least, I will have a good rest.

  I have rested for a week. I began to feel bored. So I went out with my friends. They are my best friends in the middle school. We didn’t go to someplace special. We just saw the other. We had lunch together. While we were having lunch, we were still talking about the new school and new friends. Yes! A year later, we have grown riper. And we learned much more things and got new life. We haven’t enough time to play, to waste and to lose the way. We only have two years. Two years to go, we will get the real life which belongs to us.

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